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Composer: Bartók, Béla (1881-1945)

Find classical music concert, opera, ballet and dance listings | Bartók
Biography

Béla Bartók is one of the most important composers of the 20th century. He was also an accomplished pianist, teacher, as well as a collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and other countries. Bartók's music talent became evident when he started playing the piano and composing at a very early age. In his early and academic years, he was influenced by the works of Brahms, Schumann and later Richard Strauss. Bartók's first acquaintance with Hungarian folklore was in 1904, after which he found his true musical identity, composing two string quartets, the one-act opera Duke Blue Bluebeard’s Caste, the ballets The Wooden Prince and The Miraculous Mandarin. His first two piano concertos were composed between 1926 and 1931, which were extensively performed by him at the piano. His fame as a composer and pianist grew, but he was more devoted to his folk-music studies and to developing his musical language. Until 1940, before moving to the USA, he wrote three quartets, the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta as well as the Sonata for two pianos and percussion. Bartók lived in the USA from 1940 until 1945, during which time he lectured and gave concerts. By commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation in 1943, here he composed one of his masterpieces, the Concerto for Orchestra. He died from leukaemia on 26 September 1945 in New York, leaving just a sketch of his Viola Concerto and his Third Piano Concerto missing just seventeen bars to completion.

List of works
15 Hungarian Peasant Songs, BB 79, Sz 712 Elegies, Sz 4144 Duos for Two Violins, Sz.98, BB1046 Romanian Folk Dances, Sz 56Allegro Barbaro, Sz 49Andante in A, for violin and pianoConcerto for Orchestra, Sz 116Concerto for Two Pianos, Percussion and OrchestraConcerto for orchestraContrasts, Sz 111Dance Suite, Sz. 77Divertimento for Strings, Sz 113Duke Bluebeard's CastleFive Hungarian Folk Songs, Sz 33, BB 97Hungarian Sketches (Magyar képek) for orchestra, SZ 97Mikrokosmos vol. 6: Six Dances in Bulgarian RhythmMusic for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, Sz 106Out of Doors suite (Szabadban) Sz 81Piano Concerto no. 1, Sz 83Piano Concerto no. 2 in G major, Sz 95Piano Concerto no. 3, Sz 119Piano QuintetPiano Sonata Sz 80Rhapsody no. 1 for violin and piano, Op.86Rhapsody no. 2 for violin and orchestra, Sz.90Romanian Dance, Sz 47aRomanian Dances, Op.8a Sz 45Romanian Folk DancesRomanian Folk Dances, Sz. 68Seven pieces for choir and chamber orchestraSonata for solo violin, BB 124, Sz 117Sonata for two pianos and percussion, Sz.110String Quartet no. 1 in A minor, Sz.40, Op.7String Quartet no. 2 in A minor, Sz.67, Op.17String Quartet no. 3, Sz. 85String Quartet no. 4 in C major, Sz.91String Quartet no. 5 in B flat major, Sz.102String Quartet no. 6, Sz.114The Miraculous Mandarin, Op.19, Sz 73The Miraculous Mandarin, Op.19: suiteThe Wooden PrinceThe Wooden Prince, Op.13: Ballet suiteTänze aus Siebenbürgen, Sz96Viola Concerto, Sz 120Violin Concerto no. 1, Sz 36Violin Concerto no. 2, Sz 112Violin Sonata no. 2, Sz 76Violin sonata no. 1, Sz. 75